Most sports medicine injuries are the result of high intensity activity. These injuries commonly involve ligament or muscle injuries around a joint. They can sometimes involve bone bruises or fractures as well. Most sports medicine injuries can be diagnosed and treated without surgical involvement. The most common intervention would be rest, elevation, ice, and anti-inflammatory medication. Commonly we involve physical therapist in the recovery from a sports medicine injury. The physical therapist is able to guide you through a program to regain functional range of motion and strength in a very careful methodical process. Some sports medicine injuries if they do not heal spontaneously will require surgical intervention to return to sporting activity. Common injuries that require surgery would be Achilles tendon rupture, anterior cruciate ligament injury, meniscus tear, hip labrum tear, shoulder rotator cuff tear, shoulder labrum tear or biceps tear etc. If after a sports injury you are unable to weight-bear, or after a couple weeks unable to return to sporting activity. We would recommend further evaluation by an orthopedic surgeon.